Title

Offensive vs Defensive Strategic Orientation and Collective Information Processing in Teams

Date of Original Version

8-2009

Type

Working Paper

Abstract or Table of Contents

Teams are frequently called upon to address critical situations in competitive environments. Teams are often charged with making organizational strategy (Burgelman & Grove, 2007; Lyles & Schwenk, 1992), responding to crises (Xiao, Hunter, Mackenzie, Jeffries, & Horst, 1996), conducting military operations (Salas, Bowers, & Cannon-Bowers, 1995), and creating national policy (e.g., Janis, 1982). In such situations, the team’s ability to collect and process information about what others in their environment are doing is critical, as is making the best use of member knowledge and skills. While research has examined information processing in teams more generally, little is known about how competitive dynamics of the task environment affect team information processing more specifically