Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
The covering Steiner problem is a generalization of both the k-MST and the group Steiner problems: given an edge-weighted graph, with subsets of vertices called the groups, and a nonnegative integer value (called the requirement) for each group, the problem is to find a minimum-weight tree spanning at least the required number of vertices of every group. When all requirements are equal to 1, this becomes the group Steiner problem, while if there is only one group which contains all vertices of the graph the problem reduces to k-MST with k equal to the requirement of this unique group. We discuss two different (but equivalent) linear relaxations of the problem for the case when the given graph is a tree and construct polylogarithmic approximation algorithms based on randomized LP rounding of these relaxations. By using a probabilistic approximation of general metrics by tree metrics due to Bartal, our algorithms also solve the covering Steiner problem on general graphs with a further polylogarithmic worsening in the approximation ratio.
Random Structures and Algorithms , 20, 3, 465-482.