Date of Original Version
50 Years of Integer Programming, Springer (2009)
Abstract or Table of Contents
An integer linear program (ILP) is symmetric if its variables can be permuted without changing the structure of the problem. Areas where symmetric ILPs arise range from applied settings (scheduling on identical machines), to combinatorics (code construction), and to statistics (statistical designs construction). Relatively small symmetric ILPs are extremely difficult to solve using branch-and-cut codes oblivious to the symmetry in the problem. This paper reviews techniques developed to take advantage of the symmetry in an ILP during its solution. It also surveys related topics, such as symmetry detection, polyhedral studies of symmetric ILPs, and enumeration of all non isomorphic optimal solutions.