Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
Choosing a cost-effective strategy for classifying chemicals as human carcinogens and non-carcinogens depends upon the costs of false positives (carcinogens erroneously treated as non-carcinogenic) and false negatives (non-carcinogens erroneously treated as carcinogenic); upon the accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of the classification strategy; and upon the underlying proportion of carcinogens in the population of chemicals to be classified. If these values are known, value-of-information analyses can indicate the most cost-effective among three strategies: classify as carcinogenic without testing, classify as non-carcinogenic without testing, or choose the most cost-effective test and classify on the basis of the test result. When some or all of the values are uncertain, the analysis becomes more complex, but still helps to guide decisions among the three classification strategies.
Mutation and the environment: proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Environmental Mutagens, 340D, 295-304.