Date of Original Version
Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2009. IROS 2009. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on , pp.4937-4942, 10-15 Oct. 2009
Abstract or Table of Contents
Perceptual aliasing makes topological navigation a difficult task. In this paper we present a general approach for topological SLAM (simultaneous localisation and mapping) which does not require motion or odometry information but only a sequence of noisy measurements from visited places. We propose a particle filtering technique for topological SLAM which relies on a method for disambiguating places which appear indistinguishable using neighbourhood information extracted from the sequence of observations. The algorithm aims to induce a small topological map which is consistent with the observations and simultaneously estimate the location of the robot. The proposed approach is evaluated using a data set of sonar measurements from an indoor environment which contains several similar places. It is demonstrated that our approach is capable of dealing with severe ambiguities and, and that it infers a small map in terms of vertices which is consistent with the sequence of observations.