Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
This paper presents a method for automatically registering multiple three dimensional (3D) data sets. Previous approaches required manual specification of initial pose estimates or relied on external pose measurement systems. In contrast, our method does not assume any knowledge of initial poses or even which data sets overlap. Our automatic registration algorithm begins by converting the input data into surface meshes, which are pair-wise registered using a surface matching engine. The resulting matches are tested for surface consistency, but some incorrect matches may be locally undetectable. A global optimization process searches a graph constructed from these potentially faulty pair-wise matches for a connected sub-graph containing only correct matches, employing a global consistency measure to detect incorrect, but locally consistent matches. From this sub-graph, the final poses of all views can be computed directly. We apply our algorithm to the problem of 3D digital reconstruction of real world objects and show results for a collection of automatically digitized objects.
Image and Vision Computing, 21, 7, 637-650.