Date of Original Version

1998

Type

Conference Proceeding

Abstract or Description

Laser scanners, or laser radars (ladar), have been used for a number of years for mobile robot navigation and inspection tasks. Although previous scanners were sufficient for low speed applications, they often did not have the range or angular resolution necessary for mapping at the long distances. Many also did not provide an ample field of view with high accuracy and high precision.

In this paper we will present the development of state-of-the-art, high speed, high accuracy, 3D laser radar technology. This work has been a joint effort between CMU and K2T and Z+F. The scanner mechanism provides an unobstructed 360° horizontal field of view, and a 70° vertical field of view. Resolution of the scanner is variable with a maximum resolution of approximately 0.06 degrees per pixel in both azimuth and elevation. The laser is amplitude-modulated, continuous-wave with an ambiguity interval of 52 m, a range resolution of 1.6 mm, and a maximum pixel rate of 625 kHz.

This paper will focus on the design and performance of the laser radar and will discuss several potential applications for the technology. It reports on performance data of the system including noise, drift over time, precision, and accuracy with measurements. Influences of ambient light, surface material of the target and ambient temperature for range accuracy are discussed. Example data of applications will be shown and improvements will also be discussed

Comments

"©1998 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE." "This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder."

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Published In

Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA '98), 1465-1470.