Scientific Thinking and Reasoning

Date of Original Version



Book Chapter

Abstract or Description

Scientific thinking refers to both thinking about the content of science and the set of reasoning processes that permeate the field of science: induction, deduction, experimental design, causal reasoning, concept formation, hypothesis testing, and so on. Here we cover both the history of research on scientific thinking and the different approaches that have been used, highlighting common themes that have emerged over the past 50 years of research. Future research will focus on the collaborative aspects of scientific thinking, on effective methods for teaching science, and on the neural underpinnings of the scientific mind.




Published In

The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning Edited by Keith J. Holyoak and Robert G. Morrison, Oxford University Press.