Title

A standard set of American-English voiced stop-consonant stimuli from morphed natural speech.

Date of Original Version

7-1-2011

Type

Article

PubMed ID

21666844

Abstract or Description

Linear predictive coding (LPC) analysis was used to create morphed natural tokens of English voiced stop consonants ranging from /b/ to /d/ and /d/ to /g/ in four vowel contexts (/i/, /æ/, /a/, /u/). Both vowel-consonant-vowel (VCV) and consonant-vowel (CV) stimuli were created. A total of 320 natural-sounding acoustic speech stimuli were created, comprising 16 stimulus series. A behavioral experiment demonstrated that the stimuli varied perceptually from /b/ to /d/ to /g/, and provided useful reference data for the ambiguity of each token. Acoustic analyses indicated that the stimuli compared favorably to standard characteristics of naturally-produced consonants, and that the LPC morphing procedure successfully modulated multiple acoustic parameters associated with place of articulation. The entire set of stimuli is freely available on the Internet (http://www.psy.cmu.edu/~lholt/php/StephensHoltStimuli.php) for use in research applications.

DOI

10.1016/j.specom.2011.02.007

 

Published In

Speech Communication, 53, 6, 877-888.