Date of Original Version




Abstract or Description

Smokers attempting to quit by themselves (n = 218) or with the aid of brief, written materials (n = 195) were assessed prior to quitting and 1 month and 12 months after their quit date. While the two samples used somewhat differing quitting strategies and showed some differences in short-term quitting, the 12-monthoutcomes were similar: point prevalence quit rates of 16 and 20%; continuous quitting rates of 0.5 and 5.5%respectively. Demographic and smoking history characteristics of the samples approximated those seen in cessation clinic samples. Participants reported using an average of over five quitting strategies with one sample reflecting use of the written materials they had requested. Reported use of, and satisfaction with, the written materials-at 1 month-was related to quit status at 12 months. However, neither use of specific quitting strategies, reasons for quitting, demographic and smoking history variables, or motivation and confidence were related to smoking status outcomes. Only baseline smoking and other indicators of dependence were prospectively predictive of smoking status.





Published In

Health Educ. Res, 5, 63-72.