Date of Original Version



Book Chapter

Abstract or Description

The design of computational systems to support foreign language instruction needs to be grounded on what we know about human learning, language processing, and humancomputer interaction. Principles derived from these fields can be tested and quantified in the context of specific tutoring systems. Evaluation of the pedagogical impact of particular principles can best be achieved by comparing two tutoring systems that differ in controlled and manipulable ways.


In V. M. Holland, J. D. Kaplan, & M. R. Sams (Eds.), Intelligent language tutors: Theory shaping technology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Contact publisher for further reprinting or re-use