Nucleation and Stoichiometry Dependence of rutile-TiO2(001)/GaN(0001) Thin Films Grown by Plasma-Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Date of Original Version
Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1108, A09-32 (2009)
Abstract or Table of Contents
In this work we explore both the initial nucleation and the stoichiometry of rutile-TiO2(001) grown on wurtzite GaN(0001) by radio-frequency O2-plasma molecular beam epitaxy. Two studies are performed; in the first, the dependence of the growth on stoichiometry (Ti-rich and O-rich) is observed using reflection high energy electron diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. In the second study we examine the effect of different initial nucleation surfaces (i.e. Ga-terminated and excess Ga-terminated) and compare the interfaces and bulk crystallinity of the TiO2(001) films grown on top of these surfaces. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements show a better interface for TiO2(001)/Ga-terminated - GaN(0001) as compared to the TiO2(001)/excess Ga-terminated - GaN(0001).