Date of Original Version
© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. Open Access Funded by SCOAP3.
Abstract or Description
We have performed precision measurements of the double-spin virtual-photon asymmetry A1 on the neutron in the deep inelastic scattering regime, using an open-geometry, large-acceptance spectrometer and a longitudinally and transversely polarized 3He target. Our data cover a wide kinematic range 0.277 ≤ x ≤ 0.548 at an average Q 2 value of 3.078 (GeV/c)2, doubling the available high-precision neutron data in this x range. We have combined our results with world data on proton targets to make a leading-order extraction of the ratio of polarized-to-unpolarized parton distribution functions for up quarks and for down quarks in the same kinematic range. Our data are consistent with a previous observation of an An 1 zero crossing near x = 0.5. We find no evidence of a transition to a positive slope in (d + ¯ d)/(d + ¯ d) up to x = 0.548.
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Physics Letters B, 744, 309-314.