Date of Original Version
This is the accepted version of the chapter which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118803592.ch19
Abstract or Description
The classification of martensitic displacive transformations into athermal, isothermal or anisothermal is discussed. Athermal does not mean “no temperature dependence” as is often thought, but is best considered to be short for the notion of no thermal activation. Processes with no thermal activation do not depend on time, as there is no need to wait for sufficient statistical fluctuations in some specific order parameter to overcome an activation barrier to initiate the process. Clearly, this kind of process contrasts with those that are thermally activated. In the literature, thermally activated martensites are usually termed isothermal martensites, suggesting a constant temperature. Actually such martensites also typically occur with continuous cooling. The important distinctive feature of these martensites is that they are thermally activated and hence are distinguishable in principle from athermal martensites. A third type of process, anisothermal, has been introduced to account for those transformations which are thought to be thermally activated but which occur on continuous cooling. They may occur so rapidly that they do not appear to have an incubation time, and hence could be mistakenly called an athermal transformation. These designations will be reviewed and discussed in terms of activation energies and kinetic processes of the various martensitic transformations.
International Conference on Martensitic Transformations (ICOMAT) (eds G. B. Olson, D. S. Lieberman and A. Saxena), 141-144.