Design and modeling of a fluid-based micro-scale electrocaloric refrigeration system
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
A refrigeration system composed of silicon MEMS cooling elements is designed based on the electrocaloric (EC) effect in a P(VDF–TrFE–CFE) terpolymer, poly(vinylidene fluoride–trifluoroethylene–chlorofluoroethylene) 59.2/33.6/7.2 mol%. Each cooling element includes two diaphragm actuators fabricated in the plane of a silicon wafer, which drive a heat transfer fluid back and forth across terpolymer layers that are placed between them. In the EC effect, reversible temperature and entropy changes related to polarization changes appear in a material under the application and removal of an electric field. Finite element simulations are performed to explore the system performance. The effect of the applied electric field is studied, and the time lag between the electric field and the diaphragm motion is found to significantly affect the cooling power. A parametric study of the operating frequency, externally-applied temperature span, and the electric field amplitude are conducted. The results indicate that when the system is operated at a temperature span of 15 K, a cooling power density of 3 W/cm2and a percent of Carnot COP of 31% are achieved for one element.
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 72, 559-564.