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Abstract or Description

An edge colored graph G is rainbow edge connected if any two vertices are connected by a path whose edges have distinct colors. The rainbow connectivity of a connected graph G, denoted by rc(G), is the smallest number of colors that are needed in order to make G rainbow connected.

In this work we study the rainbow connectivity of binomial random graphs at the connectivity threshold p=logn+ωn where ω = ω(n) → ∞ and ω = o(logn) and of random r-regular graphs where r ≥ 3 is a fixed integer. Specifically, we prove that the rainbow connectivity rc(G) of G = G(n,p) satisfies rc(G)∼max{Z1,diameter(G)} with high probability (whp). Here Z 1 is the number of vertices in G whose degree equals 1 and the diameter of G is asymptotically equal to lognloglogn whp. Finally, we prove that the rainbow connectivity rc(G) of the random r-regular graph G = G(n,r) satisfies rc(G) = O(log2 n) whp.



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Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7408, 541-552.