Date of Original Version
Abstract or Table of Contents
Abstract: "We study radially symmetric solutions of a nonlinear elliptic partial differential equation in R┬▓ with critical Sobolev growth, i.e., the nonlinearity is of exponential type. This problem arises from a wide variety of important areas in theoretical physics including superconductivity and cosmology. Our results lead to many interesting implications for the physical problems considered. For example, for the self-dual Chern-Simons theory, we are able to conclude that the electric charge, magnetic flux, or energy of a non-topological N-vortex solution may assume any prescribed value above an explicit lower bound. For the Einstein-matter-gauge equations, we find a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a self-dual cosmic string solution. Such a condition imposes an obstruction for the winding number of a string in terms of the universal gravitational constant."