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Abstract or Table of Contents
Abstract: "We have recently introduced a method of variation of boundaries for the solution of diffraction problems. This method, which is based on a theorem of analyticity of the electromagnetic field with respect to variations of the interfaces, has been successfully applied in problems of diffraction of light by perfectly conducting gratings. In this paper we continue our investigation of diffraction problems. Using our previous results on analytic dependence with respect to the grating groove-depth, we present a new numerical algorithm which applies to dielectric gratings. We also incorporate Pade╠ü approximation in our numerics. This addition enlarges the domain of applicability of our methods, and it results in computer codes which can predict more accurately the response of diffraction gratings in the resonance region. In many cases, results are obtained which are several orders of magnitude more accurate than those given by other methods available at present, such as the integral or differential formalisms. We present a variety of numerical applications, including examples for several types of grating profiles and for wavelengths of light ranging from microwaves to ultraviolet, and we compare our results with experimental data. We also use Pade╠ü approximants to gain insight on the analytic structure and the spectrum of singularities of the fields as functions of the groove-depth. Finally, we discuss some connections between Pade╠ü approximation and another summation mechanism, enhanced convergence, which we introduced earlier. It is argued that, provided certain numerical difficulties can be overcome, the performance of our algorithms could be further improved by a combination of these summation methods."