Date of Original Version

11-2013

Type

Conference Proceeding

Journal Title

IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding (ASRU)

First Page

120

Last Page

125

Rights Management

© 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Abstract or Description

Spoken dialogue systems typically use predefined semantic slots to parse users' natural language inputs into unified semantic representations. To define the slots, domain experts and professional annotators are often involved, and the cost can be expensive. In this paper, we ask the following question: given a collection of unlabeled raw audios, can we use the frame semantics theory to automatically induce and fill the semantic slots in an unsupervised fashion? To do this, we propose the use of a state-of-the-art frame-semantic parser, and a spectral clustering based slot ranking model that adapts the generic output of the parser to the target semantic space. Empirical experiments on a real-world spoken dialogue dataset show that the automatically induced semantic slots are in line with the reference slots created by domain experts: we observe a mean averaged precision of 69.36% using ASR-transcribed data. Our slot filling evaluations also indicate the promising future of this proposed approach.

DOI

10.1109/ASRU.2013.6707716

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Published In

IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding (ASRU), 120-125.