Date of Original Version

1991

Type

Conference Proceeding

Abstract or Description

The automatic generation of high-level assembly plans from geometric models makes extensive use of restraints imposed by components on one another. The geometry of contact can be used to find the nature of these restraints. In this paper, we present a method to determine restraints to translational and rotational motion of planar as well as 3-D objects. A set of parameters that represent any possible translational/rotational motion is identified. A geometric representation of the space of motion parameters (M a) is created. Restraints due to individual mating surface elements are computed by identifying subspaces in M a which represent motion parameters that are ‘disallowed’ due to the contact. These are then superposed to generate the required solution. Restraints that are redundant are easily identified and are not computed. Information about restraints is used extensively in assembly planning - to determine degrees-of-freedom of components and subassemblies, to analyze the stability of subassemblies, to plan proper grasps, etc. We believe that the proposed representation can be used effectively in making these evaluations, taking us closer to generating correct assembly plans.

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