Title

An Age-Structured Single-State Initiation Model -- Cycles of Drug Epidemics and Optimal Prevention Programs

Date of Original Version

2002

Type

Working Paper

Abstract or Description

This paper introduces a model for drug initiation that extends traditional dynamic models by considering explicitly the age distribution of the users. On the basis of a 2-groups model in which the population in split into a user and a non-user group the advantage of a continuous age distribution is shown by considering more details and by yielding new results. Neglecting death rates reduces the model to a single state (1-group) descriptive model which can still simulate some of the complex behavior of drug epidemics such as repeated cycles. Furthermore, prevention programs - especially school-based programs - can eb targeted to certain age classes. So in order to discover how best to allocate resources to prevention programs over different age classes we formulate and solve optimal control models.