Date of Original Version
Wireless Networks 7, 117–125, 2001
Abstract or Table of Contents
This paper evaluates call admission control algorithms for a cellular or microcellular system. Algorithms are evaluated based on two Quality of Service (QoS) metrics: the new call blocking probability, which is the probability that a new call is denied access to the system, and the forced-termination probability, which is the probability that a call that has been admitted will be terminated prior to the call’s completion. Three novel algorithms are presented: the Weighted Sum Scheme, the Probability Index Scheme, and the Hybrid Control Scheme. The weighted sum scheme uses the weighted sum of the number of calls underway in various cells when making the admission decision. The probability index scheme computes a probability index, which reflects the forced-termination probability of a new call arrival, and admits those calls with low probability indexes. The hybrid control scheme combines these two approaches. These novel algorithms are compared with three known algorithms: the Reservation Scheme in which a specific number of channels are reserved in each cell for handoffs, the Linear Weighting Scheme in which the admission decision depends on the total number of calls underway in a group of cells, and the Distributed Admission Control Scheme in which the admission decision depends on the projected overload probabilities in the cell at which the new call arrives and adjacent cells. We show that the Hybrid Control Scheme yields the best performance, particularly during periods when load differs from the expected level. We also show that the simple Reservation Scheme performs remarkably well, often superior to more complex schemes that have been proposed.