Date of Original Version

1994

Type

Technical Report

Abstract or Table of Contents

Abstract: "There is still much that needs to be known about the specific problems that are presented to the ecosystem as a result of battery disposal in landfills. This report explores the various effects that the toxic metals in batteries (specifically mercury, cadmium, lead, nickel, zinc, and lithium) have on the entire ecosystem, detailing the damages that these metals may cause to the human body. The most predominant effects that these metals have on humans include neurological damage, kidney damage, birth defects, and cancer. Next, lithium-based battery technology is explored, highlighting the development of these batteries and the various applications they are used for. An assessment of the risks that lithium battery disposal poses to the environment is also performed, using estimated lithium battery consumption information. The environmental policies of the United States, Europe and industry are described as well."

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