Date of Award

Winter 2-2017

Embargo Period


Degree Type

Dissertation (CMU Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Materials Science and Engineering


Anthony D. Rollett


Microstructure controls many physical properties of a material such as strength, ductility, 1density, conductivity, which, in turn, determine the application of these materials. This thesis work focuses on studying microstructural features (such as grain size, shape, defects, orientation gradients) and mechanical properties (such as hardness and yield strength) of multilayered materials that have undergone different loading and/or operating conditions. Two materials that are studied in detail are 18 nm Cu-Nb nanolaminates and 3D printed Inconel 718. Copper-Niobium (Cu-Nb) nanolaminate is a highly stable, high strength, nuclear irradiation resistant composite, which is destabilized with application of high pressure torsion (HPT). This work focuses on understanding the deformation and failure behavior of Cu-Nb using a novel orientation mapping technique in transmission electron microscopy in (TEM) called Automated Crystal Orientation Mapping (ACOM) and Digistar (ASTARTM) or Precession Electron Diffraction (PED). A new theory is postulated to explain strengthening mechanisms at the nanoscale using a data analytics approach. In-situ TEM compression and tensile testing is performed to image dislocation movement with the application of strain. This experiment was performed by Dr. Lakshmi Narayan Ramasubramanian at Xi’an Jiaotong University in China. Another major aspect of this research focuses on the design, fabrication, and microstructural characterization of 3D printed Inconel 718 heat exchangers. Various heat exchanger designs, machine resolution, printing techniques such as build orientation, power, and velocity of the laser beam are explored. Microstructural and mechanical properties of printed parts (before and after heat treatment) are then analyzed to check consistency in grain size, shape, porosity, hardness in relation to build height, scan parameters, and design. Various tools have been utilized such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), x-ray computed microtomography (at Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Lab), hardness and micro-pillar compression testing for this study.