Date of Award

Fall 10-2016

Embargo Period

5-16-2017

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Materials Science and Engineering

Advisor(s)

Michael R. Bockstaller

Abstract

Block copolymers have attracted interests for potential application ranging from dynamic photonic sensors to solid-state ion conductors. However, due to nucleation and growth mechanism, block copolymer inherently forms granular microstructure with defects such as grain boundaries. Understanding the microstructure of block copolymer is thus crucial in many applications because the microstructure determines the transport property of functional fillers such as ions in block copolymer template. Previous research has shown that athermal filler segregated to grain boundary of lamellae block copolymer and retards the grain coarsening. However, the kinetics of this grain boundary segregation during thermal annealing has not been revealed. Polystyrene-b-polyisoprene blended with deuterated polystyrene is used for neutron scattering study on studying the kinetics of grain boundary segregation. Deuterated polystyrene will segregate to grain boundaries, therefore, decorate grain boundary. The filler segregation behavior will be studied by comparing neutron scattering of polystyrene-b-polyisoprene/deuterated polystyrene with different annealing times (at T=130 deg C, duration of 0hr, 3hr, 1day, 3day and 7day, respectively). Invariant (Q) analysis along with grain mapping is conducted to quantitatively analyze the kinetics of grain boundary segregation. This kinetic was in good agreement with the McLean’s kinetic model for grain boundary segregation in metals. By applying Langmuir-Mclean’s segregation isotherm equation, we have predicted the equilibrium concentration of filler in grain boundary by calculating the strain energy stored in grain boundary.

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