Date of Award

Winter 12-2015

Embargo Period

9-6-2017

Degree Type

Dissertation

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Advisor(s)

Athanasios Karamalidis

Second Advisor

David A. Dzombak

Abstract

The rare earth elements (REE) constitute much of Group 3 of the periodic table, a group of 16 transition metals, including the lanthanide series (La to Lu, excluding Pm), yttrium (Y) and scandium (Sc).

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