Date of Award

Spring 5-2015

Embargo Period

11-12-2015

Degree Type

Dissertation (CMU Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Tepper School of Business

Advisor(s)

Chris Telmer

Abstract

In the first chapter, I study the exchange rate disconnect puzzle in a two-country DSGE framework that features a financial intermediation sector. An intermediary is subject to two types of financing constraints: 1. a segmented deposit market restricted to local households, and 2. a balance-sheet constraint. These two constraints drive a wedge between marginal decisions of home and foreign intermediaries, which in turn, breaks the link between exchange rates and consumption differences in the Backus-Smith relationship. In contrast to traditional models which find a tight link between exchange rate growth and the consumption growth rate differential, the calibrated model produces a correlation of around -0.11, reconciling the model with the empirical evidence. In the second chapter, coauthored with Alexander Schiller, we study asset prices, exchange rates, and consumption dynamics in a general equilibrium two-county macro-finance model that features limited stock market participation as well as nontraded goods and distribution cost. The model generates a high price of risk, smooth exchange rates, and makes substantial progress towards explaining the empirically observed low consumption growth correlation between countries. We find that distribution cost plays a central role for reducing international consumption co-movement while also amplifying risk premia.

Share

COinS