Title

Investigating the Role of Hsp27 in Drosophila : Genetic and Phospho - mutant Analysis

Date of Award

8-2014

Embargo Period

2-26-2015

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Biological Sciences

Advisor(s)

Jonathan S. Minden

Abstract

HSP27, the Drosophila homolog of mammalian HspB1, is a nuclear sHsp that is both stress induced and developmentally regulated with a conserved cyto-protective function. It is multiply phosphorylated in vivo through an unconfirmed mechanism at unidentified residues. The effect of phosphorylation on its localization, oligomerization, and function is also not well understood. Here we report a genetic investigation into the role of Hsp27 in Drosophila development, and a preliminary investigation into the effect of phosphorylation on HSP27 localization and function in Drosophila S2 cells. Through a proteomic screen, a pro-apoptotic role for Hsp27 in embryonic developmentally regulated programmed cell death was suggested and supported by RNAi experiments, but not replicated using Hsp27null mutant stocks. These stocks were complicated by the intriguing appearance of multiple background mutations. Specific developmental defects in transgenic lines overexpressing phospho-mutant isoforms were then investigated. These too were subject to multiple independent incidences of background genetic mutation, which we believe may be related to Hsp27 mis-expression. We also studied the endogenous expression and localization pattern of HSP27 in stressed and unstressed Drosophila S2 cells. We found evidence that wild-type protein localization is influenced by stress. Finally, we took a first step toward understanding how phosphorylation might regulate HSP27 localization by examining the effect of targeted mutations of serine residues (S58, S71, and S75) on the localization pattern of exogenous HSP27. By characterizing the expression of endogenous and overexpressed HSP27 in Drosophila cells, we provide a foundation for future investigation into the regulated localization and function of HSP27 that can be extended to address the regulatory mechanisms that govern the protective capacities and oligomeric properties of phosphorylated HSP27 in Drosophila.

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