Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
The remarkable success of modern computing is based in large part on advances in CMOS-based integrated circuits. Although we have come to expect, and plan for, the exponential increase in processing power in our everyday lives, today Moore’s Law faces imminent challenges both from the physics of deep-submicron CMOS devices and economics of manufacturing. In particular, the large costs of fabrication plants and increased cost of chip masks will prohibit all but the highest volume chips from being manufactured economically.