Date of Original Version



Book Chapter

Abstract or Description

Music is full of structure, including sections, sequences of distinct musical textures, and the repetition of phrases or entire sections. The analysis of music audio relies upon feature vectors that convey information about music texture or pitch content. Texture generally refers to the average spectral shape and statistical fluctuation, often reflecting the set of sounding instruments, e.g. strings, vocal, or drums. Pitch content reflects melody and harmony, which is often independent of texture. Structure is found in several ways. Segment boundaries can be detected by observing marked changes in locally averaged texture. Similar sections of music can be detected by clustering segments with similar average textures. The repetition of a sequence of music often marks a logical segment. Repeated phrases and hierarchical structures can be discovered by finding similar sequences of feature vectors within a piece of music. Structure analysis can be used to construct music summaries and to assist music browsing.