A Study on Retrospective and On-line Event Detection
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
This paper investigates the use and extension of text retrieval and clustering techniques for event detection. The task is to automatically detect novel events from a temporally-ordered stream of news stories, either retrospectively or as the stories arrive. We applied hierarchical and non-hierarchical document clustering algorithms to a corpus of 15,836 stories, focusing on the exploitation of both content and temporal information. We found the resulting cluster hierarchies highly informative for retrospective detection of previously unidentified events, effectively supporting both query-free and query-driven retrieval. We also found that temporal distribution patterns of document clusters provide useful information for improvement in both retrospective detection and on-line detection of novel events. In an evaluation using manually labelled events to judge the system-detected events, we obtained a result of 82% in the Fl measure for retrospective detection, and a Fl value of 42% for on-line detection.
Proceedings of the 21st Annual international ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in information Retrieval. SIGIR '98, 28-36.