Date of Original Version

2005

Type

Technical Report

Rights Management

All Rights Reserved

Abstract or Description

Abstract: "We present an algorithm by which nodes arranged in a tree, with each node initially knowing only its parent and children, can construct a fault-tolerant communication structure (an expander graph) among themselves in a distributed and scalable way. Tree structures arise naturally in many distributed applications, in which a node 'joins' the system by contacting a node already present in the system: the joining node then becomes a child of the node it contacts for entry. Our algorithm enables nodes to construct an expander graph incrementally without propagating membership information globally. At the core of our construction is a novel distributed mechanism that samples nodes uniformly at random from the tree. In the event of node joins, node departures or crash failures, our graph self-stabilizes to a state where it still achieves the required fault tolerant properties. We present simulation results to quantify the convergence of our algorithm to a fault tolerant network having both good vertex connectivity and expansion properties."

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