Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
What is the least surface area of a shape that tiles Ropfd under translations by Zopfd? Any such shape must have volume 1 and hence surface area at least that of the volume-1 ball, namely Omega(radicd). Our main result is a construction with surface area O(radicd), matching the lower bound up to a constant factor of 2radic2pi/eap3. The best previous tile known was only slightly better than the cube, having surface area on the order of d. We generalize this to give a construction that tiles Ropfd by translations of any full rank discrete lattice Lambda with surface area 2piparV-1parfb, where V is the matrix of basis vectors of Lambda, and par.parfb denotes the Frobenius norm. We show that our bounds are optimal within constant factors for rectangular lattices. Our proof is via a random tessellation process, following recent ideas of Raz in the discrete setting. Our construction gives an almost optimal noise-resistant rounding scheme to round points in Ropfd to rectangular lattice points.