Date of Original Version
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2010.07.027
Abstract or Description
Since plants that form the process network are subjected to fluctuations in product demand or random mechanical failures, design decisions such as adding redundant units and increasing storage between units can increase the flexibility and reliability of an integrated site. In this paper, we develop a bi-criterion optimization model that captures the trade-off between capital investment and process robustness in the design of an integrated site. Design decisions considered are increases in process capacity, introduction of parallel units, and addition of intermediate storage. The mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) formulation proposed in this paper includes the representation of the material levels in the intermediate storage by means of a probabilistic model that captures the effects of the discrete, uncertain events. We also integrate a superstructure optimization with stochastic modeling techniques such as continuous-time Markov chains. The application of the proposed model is illustrated with two example problems.
Computers and Chemical Engineering, 34, 12, 1919-1936.