In-parallel attachment of a low-resistance compliant thoracic artificial lung under rest and simulated exercise.
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
BACKGROUND: Previous thoracic artificial lungs (TALs) had blood flow impedance greater than that of the natural lungs, which could cause abnormal pulmonary hemodynamics. New compliant TALs (cTALs), however, have an impedance lower than that of the natural lung.
METHODS: In this study, a cTAL of new design was attached between the pulmonary artery (PA) and the left atrium (LA) in 5 sheep (60.2 ± 1.9 kg). A distal PA band was placed to control the percentage of cardiac output (CO) routed to the cTAL. Rest and exercise conditions were simulated using a continuous dobutamine infusion of 0 and 5 μg/kg/min, respectively. At each dose, a hemodynamic data set was acquired at baseline (no flow to the cTAL), and 60%, 75%, and 90% of CO was shunted to the cTAL.
RESULTS: Device resistance did not vary with blood flow rate, averaging 0.51 ± 0.03 mm Hg/(L/min). Under all conditions, CO was not significantly different from baseline. Pulmonary system impedance increased above baseline only with 5 μg/kg/min of dobutamine and 90% of CO diverted to the cTAL.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated minimal changes in pulmonary hemodynamics during PA-LA cTAL attachment for high device flows under rest and exercise conditions.
The Annals of thoracic surgery, 94, 5, 1688-1694.