Presurgical evaluation of Fontan connection options for patients with apicocaval juxtaposition using computational fluid dynamics.

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Abstract or Description

Apicocaval juxtaposition (ACJ) is a rare congenital heart defect associated with single ventricle physiology where optimal positioning of the Fontan conduit for completion of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is still controversial. In ACJ, the cardiac apex is ipsilateral with the inferior vena cava (IVC), risking kinking and collapse of the Fontan conduit at the apex of the heart. The purpose of this study is to evaluate two viable routes for Fontan conduit connection in patients with ACJ, using computational fluid dynamics. Internal energy loss evaluations were used to determine contribution of conduit curvature to the energy efficiency of each cavopulmonary anastomosis configuration. This percentage of energy loss contribution was found to be greater in the case of a curved extracardiac conduit connection (44%, 4.1 mW) traveling behind the ventricular apex, connecting the IVC to the left pulmonary artery, than the straighter lateral tunnel conduit (6%, 1.4 mW) installed through the ventricular apex. In contrast, net energy loss across the anastomosis was significantly lower with extracardiac TCPC (9.3 mW) in comparison with lateral tunnel TCPC (23.2 mW), highlighting that a curved Fontan conduit is favorable provided that it is traded off for a superior cavopulmonary connection efficiency. Therefore, a relatively longer and curved Fontan conduit has been demonstrated to be a suitable connection option independent of anatomical situations.




Published In

Artificial organs, 37, 1, 1-8.