Disorder-to-order transition of the active site of human class Pi glutathione transferase, GST P1-1.

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Abstract or Description

Glutathione transferases comprise a large family of cellular detoxification enzymes that function by catalyzing the conjugation of glutathione (GSH) to electron-deficient centers on carcinogens and other toxins. NMR methods have been used to characterize the structure and dynamics of a human class pi enzyme, GST P1-1, in solution. Resonance assignments have been obtained for the unliganded enzyme and the GSH and S-hexylglutathione (GS-hexyl) complexes. Differences in chemical shifts between the GSH and GS-hexyl complexes suggest more extensive structural differences between these two enzyme-ligand complexes than detected by previous crystallographic methods. The NMR studies reported here clearly show that an alpha-helix (alpha2) within the GSH binding site exists in multiple conformations at physiological temperatures in the absence of ligand. A single conformation of alpha2 is induced by the presence of either GSH or GS-hexyl or a reduction in temperature to below 290 K. The large enthalpy of the transition ( approximately 150 kJ/mol) suggests a considerable structural rearrangement of the protein. The Gibbs free energy for the transition to the unfolded form is on the order of -4 to -6 kJ/mol at physiological temperatures (37 degrees C). This order-to-disorder transition contributes substantially to the overall thermodynamics of ligand binding and should be considered in the design of selective inhibitors of class pi glutathione transferases.




Published In

Biochemistry, 40, 39, 11660-11669.