Simulated de novo assembly of golgi compartments by selective cargo capture during vesicle budding and targeted vesicle fusion.
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
The Golgi apparatus is comprised of stacked cisternal membranes forming subcompartments specialized for posttranslational processing of newly synthesized secretory cargo. Recent experimental evidence indicates that the Golgi apparatus can undergo de novo biogenesis from the endoplasmic reticulum, but the mechanism by which the membranes self assemble into compartmentalized structures remains unknown. We developed a discrete-event computer simulation model to test whether two fundamental mechanisms-vesicle-coat-mediated selective concentration of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins during vesicle formation, and SNARE-mediated selective fusion of vesicles-suffice to generate and maintain compartments. Simulations verified that this minimal model is adequate for homeostasis of preestablished compartments, even in response to small perturbations, and for de novo formation of stable compartments. The model led to a novel prediction that Golgi size is in part dependent on target SNARE expression level. This prediction was supported by a demonstration that exogenous expression of the Golgi target SNARE syntaxin-5 alters Golgi size in living cells.
Biophysical journal, 95, 4, 1674-1688.