Potential role for protein kinases in regulation of bidirectional endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport revealed by protein kinase inhibitor H89.
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description
Recent evidence suggests a regulatory connection between cell volume, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export, and stimulated Golgi-to-ER transport. To investigate the potential role of protein kinases we tested a panel of protein kinase inhibitors for their effect on these steps. One inhibitor, H89, an isoquinolinesulfonamide that is commonly used as a selective protein kinase A inhibitor, blocked both ER export and hypo-osmotic-, brefeldin A-, or nocodazole-induced Golgi-to-ER transport. In contrast, H89 did not block the constitutive ER Golgi-intermediate compartment (ERGIC)-to-ER and Golgi-to-ER traffic that underlies redistribution of ERGIC and Golgi proteins into the ER after ER export arrest. Surprisingly, other protein kinase A inhibitors, KT5720 and H8, as well as a set of protein kinase C inhibitors, had no effect on these transport processes. To test whether H89 might act at the level of either the coatomer protein (COP)I or the COPII coat protein complex we examined the localization of betaCOP and Sec13 in H89-treated cells. H89 treatment led to a rapid loss of Sec13-labeled ER export sites but betaCOP localization to the Golgi was unaffected. To further investigate the effect of H89 on COPII we developed a COPII recruitment assay with permeabilized cells and found that H89 potently inhibited binding of exogenous Sec13 to ER export sites. This block occurred in the presence of guanosine-5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate, suggesting that Sec13 recruitment is inhibited at a step independent of the activation of the GTPase Sar1. These results identify a requirement for an H89-sensitive factor(s), potentially a novel protein kinase, in recruitment of COPII to ER export sites, as well as in stimulated but not constitutive Golgi-to-ER transport.
Molecular biology of the cell, 11, 8, 2577-2590.